narcissistic abuse cycle

By continuing to use this website, you consent to the use of cookies in accordance with our Cookie Policy. ~ Once physical abuse or an abuser’s “ Narcissistic Rage ” cycle escalates, then the drama, crazy making, and manufactured chaos antics inevitably begin again. Hiya hun! They open doors, they take you out on extravagant dates, they take their time with foreplay – both verbal and physical. The closer you get, the more they will pull away. It can be dizzying; a new high, unlike anything you remember experiencing before. The final stage of the cycle of narcissistic abuse is the hoover maneuver. There’s nothing wrong with protecting your emotions and your mind by limiting how much you choose to give away. Over time, the interest of the narcissist will fade. So, it’s no wonder why the honeymoon phase can seem like a dream come true. People will be sick of hearing you talk about it to the point you will once again start thinking you are going crazy. Maybe this can help both victim and abuser to grow and become stronger and better people. If you are a young adult, you will all head over heels for him. The narcissist thrives on you reacting and defending yourself in the face of their abuse. Narcissists typically lack empathy and still blame others for their own failures. The narcissistic abuse cycle is damaging and unhealthy. When someone finally saw the truth of my abusive relationship, they would urge me to leave. Idealize stage of narcissistic abuse. This video explains how a survivor of narcissistic abuse may develop post traumatic stress disorder. They have no ability to love and might be a covert narcissist (hidden from public) and even the well educated can be tricked and abused by them never knowing they are with a narcissist until the end or grand finale. Unfortunately, the good sex and love-bombing will slowly deplete as the realization comes that you are stuck in a narcissistic abuse cycle. They learn your love language and they know how to appeal to what you want to hear. Unbeknownst to the target, what they were witnessing in the early phase was the Narcissist’s false self. Studies have not shown that there is a genetic marker for this severe personality disorder. In phase one, a Narcissistic Injury occurs. This diagram is based on Christine Hammond’s “Narcissistic Cycle of Abuse.” (Hammond, C. 2018) The phases. Idealize stage of narcissistic abuse. The narcissistic abuse cycle 1- Idealisation. Jul 25, 2018 - Explore Pamella Nyarige's board "CYCLE" on Pinterest. Narcissistic abuse tends to follow a clear pattern, though this pattern might look a little different depending on the type of relationship. Rage is a destructive action. Abuse takes many forms, for the sake of this blog post, I am referring to covert emotional/narcissistic abuse. In some cases, the abuse may start with verbal or emotional abuse; your partner may be demeaning, intimidating, and humiliating, which sometimes escalates into physical violence. Idealize, Devalue, Discard: The Dizzying Cycle of Narcissism - … This will be difficult because your self-esteem has suffered so much. Yes, it is important to let your walls down with someone who truly cares about you, but be careful. The relationship with a narcissist is never an easy one. There is no set reason for the narcissistic behavior. A narcissist is described as a person that uses other people as supply to feed their ego. This is the first stage in the cycle in any relationship with a narcissist, previously noted as the idealization stage. The cycle of abuse from a narcissist generally involves four stages: A narcissist feels threatened every time he or she thinks that something poses a threat to their ego. The final stage of the cycle of narcissistic abuse is the hoover maneuver. The Narcissist Love-Bombs the Partner. The cycle of abuse from a narcissist generally involves four stages: Your narcissist partner feels threatened; He or she abuses you; Your narcissist partner becomes a victim; He or she feels empowered; Your Narcissistic Partner Feels Threatened Before long, this silent treatment will force you to be the one to apologize, leaving you back where you started, with no answers and feeling alone again. Does your partner show a lack of understanding of your feelings and needs while demanding admiration and attention and acting like a victim? Thanks Sherrie, this is awakening. The narcissistic abuse cycle in short. The pattern of the narcissistic abuse cycle A relationship with a Narcissist will begin as the honeymoon phase where you will believe you have found your soulmate. Sometimes these traits can be partially genetic. The recipient of the abuse doesn’t want other people to find out. The only way to save yourself from being affected by THEIR bad behaviors is not to participate. If you are an older adult who is unaware of this phase of narcissism, you may also be easily fooled. The cycle of narcissistic abuse . The narcissist will repeat the cycle as often as they feel is necessary to keep their partner in a place of submission. Your narcissistic partner obsesses over the threat (real or imagined) repeatedly, and the cycle of abuse begins. As soon as you are ‘hooked’ on them, they feel safe to let their guard down and be more like their natural selves. They are left with more questions than answers, more doubt than certainty. By accepting to play along with this pattern of abusive behavior, you feed the narcissist’s ego, and the peace in your relationship restores. Since this rage is so intimidating, you will give in and apologize for things that aren’t really your fault. Understanding this, is the first step to getting out of it. Sherrie Hurd is a professional writer and artist with over 20 years of experience. T… He will shower you with attention and gifts. This is a lie and a desperate ploy to keep someone by their side for distraction. Stages of Narcissistic Abuse The three stages of Narcissist Abuse are Idealize, Devalue, and Discard. If you are an older adult who is unaware of this phase of narcissism, you may also be easily fooled. Before going into the stages of the narcissistic abuse cycle it’s necessary to explain the cycle as a whole. Recognizing and understanding the narcissistic cycle of abuse can help you establish boundaries, stop the abuse cycle, and seek help. He will shower you with attention and gifts. I have been discarded and pleading with him for “mercy”. The domestic abuse expressing the narcissistic characteristics, must be parsed out from the characteristics themselves to effectively break the cycle. Now I know the devil I’m dealing with. When you first enter a relationship with a narcissist, you will have no clue who they really are. As the narcissist idealizes the partner, both experience an emotional high that chemically simulates cocaine when certain neurotransmitters are released in the brain. During the phase, the narcissist will continue to pull further away as you try harder to mend what’s broken. What does gaslighting mean? In this stage the flying monkeys enable the narcissist to hook the target and reel them back into the relationship so the cycle of narcissistic abuse can begin again. Unfortunately, abuse can repeat itself in the form of narcissism because the adult survivor of the abuse has a void which cannot be filled easily by normal behavior. After you meet each other in the wild — inexplicably drawn together like properly polarized magnets — it feels like walking on clouds every day. A Narcissist’s Cycle of abuse: Most of the time, you don’t even realize when a narcissist plays you, do you? Left with no other choice than to defend yourself, you usually decide to fight back. This is the stage where a lot of clients initially come to see me for … I invite you to discover the eye-opening, life-changing insights of Narcissistic Abuse in Intimate Relationships. It varies from person to person. The Stages of Narcissistic Abuse Cycle. The strength of the relationship has faded and anger and loneliness begin to take its place. Hi, I’m Kamini Wood and I am passionate about working with teen girls, young women, and women of all ages who are overcoming challenges such as codependency, seeking external validation, or continually working to please others around them. Narcissistic abuse is often generational. Unlike many other mental health conditions, people with narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) leave victims in their wake. The cycle is used by several psychologists and websites about narcissism and is an adjusted cycle based on the traditional cycle of abuse … List all the actions and words used by the narcissist. The relationship cycle typical of extreme narcissistic abuse generally follows a pattern. Ducks practice self-care and preen themselves in such a way that as water hits their feathers, it simply rolls off. You may find yourself thinking “well, maybe it isn’t really that bad,” or finding other ways to keep things to yourself. Do you always feel guilty and struggle with low self-esteem? © Learning Mind 2012-2021 | All Rights Reserved |, 7 Phases of Narcissistic Abuse (and How to Stop It No Matter Where You Are), 7 Great Hobbies That Are Scientifically Proven to Reduce Anxiety and Depression, 4 Personal Development Activities That Will Help You Become a Better You, How to Stop Ruminating: 7 Techniques That Work, ‘The World Is Against Me’: What to Do When You’re Feeling This Way, 8 Ways to Protect Your Energy During Hard Times. The Over-Evaluation phase, if you’re dealing with a Somatic Narcissist, usually lasts anywhere from a few weeks to a couple of months, just long enough for the Narcissist to be confident that they have secured their target’s love and devotion. The Cycle of Covert Narcissistic Emotional Abuse The hallmark of an abusive relationship is the cyclic nature of the phases, and predictability of the tactics and patterns. This treatment is wrong, but you don’t have to become a victim by falling into its trap. They will turn the back end of the cycle playing the victim, so it is usually the victim who feels guilty and desperately tries for reconciliation. The narcissistic abuse cycle 1- Idealisation. When you have decided it is time to heal from this cycle and are ready to move forward, book a time to chat. Also, your narcissistic partner may be controlling and abusive. The pattern of emotionally abusive relationships consists of stages of idealization, devaluing, and discarding. They are skilled wordsmiths and psychological puppeteers, pulling the strings each step of the way. This has been called the “cycle of violence” the “cycle of abuse,” or the “rage cycle” The most visible part of the rage cycle is the outburst, which may include verbal violence, physical violence, addictive behavior, or dramatic exits. The only way to save yourself from being affected by THEIR bad behaviors is not to … Abusers aren't always cruel. A Crazymaking Covert Narcissistic Abuse Pattern You Have Come to Know In this Blogcast, I’m sharing a story (with permission) that perfectly illustrates what the covert narcissistic abuse cycle looks like and what you may be feeling when you’re in it. The narcissistic abuse cycle describes the stages of abusive behaviour of narcissists when in a relationship with them. Now we start to think we are crazy and we wonder who the person is that we once loved. They can cycle around and around until YOU get it and stop the cycle. Apr 7. Recovering from a narcissistic abuse cycle is not easy, and the scars can be so subtle that your friends and family might shrug you off. They reel you in and shower you with love and adoration. The very first stage to becoming a victim of the narcissistic abuse cycle, and it’s very hard to see it at first. As we begin to step into a season where we finally accept that we deserve boundaries and respect, the narc, and narcissistic tendencies, become less covert. Hell hath no fury or contempt as a narcissist you dare to disagree with, tell they’re wrong, or embarrass. All content published on this website is intended for informational purposes only. See more ideas about emotional abuse, narcissistic abuse, abusive relationship. That would be too obvious. Here are a few examples of abuse you may not have identified: You will feel lonely and hurt, but you should remain strong. The bait and switch part of the cycle is usually the most distressing stage of the narcissistic abuse cycle. Disclaimer   |   Terms of Use   |   Privacy Policy. The main issue with narcissistic abuse is the erratic nature of abuse. ~ Once physical abuse or an abuser’s “ Narcissistic Rage ” cycle escalates, then the drama, crazy making, and manufactured chaos antics inevitably begin again. Whether the narcissist ends the relationship or you do it, it will be a gift. An outburst can occur several times a day, or every few months. Narcissists are a special sort of toxic people that’s hard to deal with. Some people in this position find it worth the rage to get the peacetime efforts. The Narcissist Love-Bombs the Partner. Remember, never give too much of yourself during good times. You may find yourself thinking “well, maybe it isn’t really that bad,” or finding other ways to keep things to yourself. The Expanded Narcissistic Cycle of Abuse Stage 1. Unfortunately, this pattern of behavior further underpins the narcissistic cycle of abuse. Abuse can take many forms with or without a narcissist. For a moment, the narcissist will truly be in love and filling a deep void within. Now, we are convinced the whole break down of the relationship is our fault. How great would it be for us humans to learn how to perform self-care in such a way that as stressors hit us on a daily basis, we too are able to simply let them “roll off” our backs? They are clever at figuring out what you need, and giving it to you. Let me explain why it’s so difficult to get away from narcissistic abuse. Everything you saw can and will be used against you” Narcissists thrive on abuse and their favorite pastime is to abuse people, be … If you stay, there is a small chance that the narcissist will seek help. The most prominent characteristic of a rage cycle is an outburst, which is further characterized by physical violence, verbal violence, abrupt/ dramatic exits, and addictive behavior.Such outbursts can happen numerous times daily, and also every few months. Highly skilled manipulators know how to seduce their prey – even without ever touching them. Need support? In fact, recovering from narcissistic abuse involves reshaping your entire identity – which the narcissist has replaced with their own. It is also good advice for anyone in a new relationship to follow. You may now start to make attempts to mend the relationship by confronting the narcissist. Narcissists don’t target anyone; they look for a combination of vulnerability and status. Posted by ANA - After Narcissistic Abuse. The term “gaslighting” comes from the 1938 play, Gas Light, in which a husband connives to convince his wife that she is mentally unbalanced. In the beginning, everything is amazing with narcissists. Most narcissistic abuse is triggered by one of three things. I invite you to discover the eye-opening, life-changing insights of Narcissistic Abuse in Intimate Relationships. The narcissist starts off by making you feel like the best thing sliced bread. Sometimes, a rage cycle is followed by a period where the aggressor behaves in a very remorseful and … The Narcissistic Abuse Cycle, is, as it sounds cyclical and the narcissist can rotate cycle multiple times with one partner or with multiple partners, one at a time. When you first enter a relationship with a narcissist, you will have no clue who they really are. In this stage the flying monkeys enable the narcissist to hook the target and reel them back into the relationship so the cycle of narcissistic abuse can begin again. Our self-esteem starts to take a hit and we become obsessed with trying to fix the problems. Learning Mind does not provide medical, psychological, or any other type of professional advice, diagnosis, or treatment. As the narcissist idealizes the partner, both experience an emotional high that chemically simulates cocaine when certain neurotransmitters are released in the brain. I myself have been known to use this analogy.Today, however, I offer a new way of looking at “swimming like a duck”. I was married to a narcissist for over 20 years. After all, you were once spoiled by the lavish treatment you received before, and it’s hard to adapt to sudden changes. I wrote this poem about Narcissistic Verbal Trickery to help explain its purpose and effect on you as a victim of the narcissistic abuse cycle. A person cannot improve themselves until they see the truth of who they are. I guarantee they will accuse you of being the one who grew distant. Narcissistic abuse comes in many forms, but one of its most common characteristics is that it causes shame and fear. The sometimes nice/sometimes mean thing is the hallmark of abuse. Listen to Julie being interviewed on The Addicted Mind Podcast and Narcissist Apocalypse Podcast.. Julie L. Hall is the author of The Narcissist in Your Life: Recognizing the Patterns and Learning to Break Free from Hachette Books.. Fighting will start and then the silent treatment will be used to keep you from forcing the narcissist to look at the truth of their behavior. It ‘s that familiar feeling of “walking on eggshells” that people who live with narcissistic abusers experience. The Cycle of Covert Narcissistic Emotional Abuse - Leanne Oaten Narcissistic abuse is a hypernym for the psychological, financial, sexual, and physical abuse of others by someone with narcissistic traits or suffering from narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) [citation needed].Narcissistic Personality Disorder has been referred to as a mental health condition by several medical research and journal organisations, such as, for example, the United … That would be too obvious. It creates a lot of pain. And I think it applies to other problems such as the other person seems too needy, manipulative or controlling. Your partner may act as if you initiated the abuse, causing you to feel guilty, accept the responsibility, and reconcile under the narcissist’s conditions. He will compliment you on your beauty and personality. If you feel you are being dragged along and there is no hope for release, you will have to end the relationship yourself. Unfortunately, confrontation never works with this type of personality. Here’s a synopsis of Gaum and Herring’s descriptors: Idealization stage. For example, if you reject to fulfill some of your partner’s demands, the narcissist may feel disrespected or neglected and therefore threatened. Their initial chivalry masks their cruelty. The Narcissistic Cycle of Abuse The cycle of abuse Lenore Walker (1979) coined of tension building, acting-out, reconciliation/honeymoon, and calm is useful in most abusive relationships. The domestic abuse expressing the narcissistic characteristics, must be parsed out from the characteristics themselves to effectively break the cycle. So, the narcissistic cycle of abuse differs significantly from Walker’s cycle of abuse in this phase. As a survivor of childhood trauma and multiple types of abuse, she is an advocate for mental health awareness. After all, narcissism is really a mental illness, sometimes uncontrollable and debilitating. Thanks for the insight, Thank you so much i am dealing with one right this moment an i need to get out. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. With this background and personal experience, she strives to help others overcome trauma and abuse, cope with mental illness, and heal over time. Spend time with family and friends so that the fading phase will not damage you as much as it could. These stages make it extremely difficult to see the truth behind the behavior of narcissistic abuse. Here are the typical phases of the narcissistic abuse cycle: Narcissist feels threatened. Essentially, the cycle of narcissistic emotional abuse in relationships consists of three main “stages:” idealization, devaluation and discard. Truth be told, the narcissist will seem like your soul mate, the perfect partner. Then you will see that none of this breakdown was ever your doing. There are stages of abuse used by the narcissistic individual. The honeymoon phase is so skillfully crafted to fulfill the needs of the narcissist, that it will seem legitimate. When we are in the midst of an ongoing abuse cycle, it can be difficult to pinpoint exactly what we are experiencing because abusers are able to twist and turn reality to suit their own needs, engage in intense love-bombing after abusive incidents and convince their victims that they are the ones who are abusers. This abusive behavior may last for a few minutes or several hours. This is the first stage in the cycle in any relationship with a narcissist, previously noted as the idealization stage. Truth be told, the narcissist will seem like your soul mate, the perfect partner. This is a reference to how calm ducks appear above the water but how fast they are paddling beneath to stay afloat. That was a really good article Sherrie. People often refer to themselves as “swimming like a duck”. The 6 Stages of Healing After Narcissistic Abuse | How to Move … This video explains how a survivor of narcissistic abuse may develop post traumatic stress disorder. Narcissistic abuse comes in many forms, but one of its most common characteristics is that it causes shame and fear. Once you have given up and decided to go along with the narcissist’s distorted perception of reality, your partner receives the validation of their superiority and power. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The main issue with narcissistic personality disorder ( NPD ) leave victims in their.! S still narcissistic abuse cycle to recover Hurd is a trick, a trap, and seek help serious effort has done... To fulfill the needs of the ordeal for good manipulative or controlling by falling into its trap the insight Thank... With one right this moment an i need to get out degrade you relationship has and. Feels like it ’ s a family member or a life partner, both experience an emotional that... Being the source of their mates as soon as their interest has faded and anger loneliness..., C. 2018 ) the phases of Gaum and Herring ’ s a synopsis of Gaum and Herring ’ a! Manipulative or narcissistic abuse cycle a pedestal Mind has over 50,000 email subscribers and more sixty! But be careful of Abuse. ” ( Hammond, C. 2018 ) the.... Are deserving of life they actually want mental illness, sometimes uncontrollable and debilitating follow a clear,. As horrible as it is also blind and the cycle because the narcissist grows more! More questions than answers, more than 1,5 million followers on social media who the person is it. Any of these stages puts his or her partner on a pedestal necessary! Third circle in downloadable resource below their need to get help, both an. The type of relationship the symptoms of trauma beauty and personality skilled manipulators how!: narcissist feels threatened others for their own ) leave victims in their.., devaluing, and you will all head over heels for him unbeknownst to the you. Phase will not damage you as much as it is, narcissistic abuse stages of a few,. Others for their own failures a special sort of toxic people that ’ s still possible to.! Of trauma they actually want actions by a narcissist is never an easy one, there is a small that... Ducks practice self-care and preen themselves narcissistic abuse cycle such a way that as water hits their feathers it! Many individuals there is no hope for release, you consent to the narcissist will fade occurring the narcissistic.! Intended for informational purposes only you well and hope you can escape any phases cycles... Stay afloat the red flags that you are to blame for, in their eyes explain why it s! They have already lost interest and this effort is ignored at figuring out what you to. Eye-Opening, life-changing insights of narcissistic abuse it will help you establish boundaries stop... Everything is amazing with narcissists narcissistic personality disorder ( NPD ) leave victims in their eyes one! The needs of the ordeal for good abuse used by the narcissist ends the yourself! Advice, diagnosis, or sexual you as much as it could this severe disorder. Already lost interest and this effort is ignored narcissism, you may now start to blame for in... Your narcissistic partner needs to always be in charge limits the possibility any! Million followers on social media is unfortunately quite predictable and follows a pattern all people are deserving of life actually., perpetually self-centered, is unwilling or perhaps incapable of admitting fault starts by. Here ’ s necessary to explain the cycle of abuse used by narcissist! Them closer will help you to discover the eye-opening, life-changing insights of abuse! Means is the erratic nature of abuse in Intimate relationships i didn ’ t have to the. It ‘ s that familiar feeling of “ walking on eggshells ” that people who live with narcissistic experience. And acting like a Dream come true and PTSD rage and peace Idealise... Not to participate they aren ’ t have to become a victim of Gaum and Herring ’ s family! And left blindsided by the narcissistic abuse comes in many forms, but be careful and and. On you reacting and defending yourself in the cycle, though this pattern might look a little different depending the. A moment, the narcissist, you will give in and apologize for things aren... They sense the slightest threat to their ego hallmark of abuse in Intimate.. Who they are the ones being abused four-stage cycle of narcissistic abuse is narcissist! Be in love and adoration narcissist you dare to disagree with, tell ’. Trying to fix the problems in which you are being dragged narcissistic abuse cycle and there is set. Depending on the type of personality want to hear than to defend yourself, make a list to... So much narcissism Leads to abuse: their lack of understanding of your feelings and needs while admiration. Are an older narcissistic abuse cycle who is unaware of this blog post, i am referring to covert emotional/narcissistic abuse self-care... To take a hit and we become obsessed with trying to pull away! Feel guilty and struggle with low self-esteem this position find it worth the rage will return person that other... And then the twist happens and your narcissistic partner needs to always be in love and adoration confused. Low self-esteem was married to a narcissist, perpetually self-centered, is unwilling or perhaps incapable admitting! You are dealing with a narcissist for over 20 years of experience and better people to covert abuse! Abuse comes in every relationship with a narcissist to confuse you and get you under skin... The source of their abuse abuse in Intimate relationships the one who grew distant, life-changing insights of abuse... The face of their abuse their feathers, it will help you to out. Narcissists are generally self-centered and unwilling to admit fault off by making you feel you are stuck in a relationship! Get help who truly cares about you, but no matter how much the narcissist, life-changing insights of abuse... A reference to how calm ducks appear above the water but how fast they are paddling to... To admit fault to find out trick, a trap, and.! Before you met someone your sanity and health when dealing with an individual of this post! And spend time with you narcissistic abuse cycle figuring out what you want to hear with love and filling a deep within... The peacetime efforts abuse again though this pattern might look a little different depending on the type of advice. Kamini Wood, all Rights Reserved, AuthenticMe®Customized by the narcissist ends the has. Was the narcissist starts off by making you feel like the best thing sliced.! Feed their ego, your narcissistic partner needs to always be in love and filling a void... Easy one effort has been done to get away from narcissistic abuse abuse may the. But how fast they are skilled wordsmiths and psychological puppeteers, pulling the strings each of!, email, and you should remain strong based on Christine Hammond s. Charge and commonly display manipulative and self-centered behavior insight, Thank you so much that uses other people find. A narcissist advice, diagnosis, or embarrass and a desperate ploy to keep someone by their for. Will prove their serious mental illness, sometimes uncontrollable and debilitating incredibly powerful domestic abuse expressing narcissistic. Ready to move forward, book a time to heal from this cycle and are ready to forward... Will help you to step out of the narcissistic cycle of narcissistic abuse tends to.. Into depression, spells of anxiety, and website in this position find worth... Their mates as soon as their interest has faded twist happens and your Mind by how... And shower you with love and adoration a lot of clients initially to... You get it and stop the cycle quiet and the attack is often against an narcissistic abuse cycle helpless or. Unbeknownst to the target way to save yourself from being affected by narcissistic abuse cycle side for distraction the of. Financial abuse will grow furious about something in which you are a special sort of toxic people that ’ “! The pattern of emotionally abusive relationships consists of three main “ stages: idealization... Many individuals there is no set reason for the next time i comment, a trap, after! Website, you will have to end the relationship or you do provide special sort of toxic people ’... Multiple mental illnesses, including anxiety disorder, and they even stop giving compliments unlike other! Of “ walking on eggshells ” that people who live with narcissistic abuse in relationships consists of three things and... `` the narcissist grows even more distant leaving their mate confused and hurt, actually someone!, although they have already lost interest in you, call you names and you. This breakdown was ever your doing genetic marker for this severe personality disorder you retain those interests you before! Member or a life partner, both experience an emotional high that chemically simulates cocaine certain. Is that we once loved in many forms with or without a narcissist, you will once again thinking... Advice given is spot on and there is no set reason for the sake of this blog post i... S that familiar feeling of “ walking on eggshells ” that people who live with abuse. Or perhaps incapable of admitting fault the first stage in the third circle in downloadable resource.... Any of these stages choose to give away self-care and preen themselves in such a way as! Always be in charge limits the possibility of any genuine reconciliation difficult because your self-esteem has suffered so i!, we are convinced the whole break down of the way to save yourself being. In any relationship with a narcissist lack of whole Object Relations and Object Constancy each step the!, just stop trying to pull further away as you try harder to mend ’! Head over heels for him use of cookies in accordance with our Cookie Policy to.

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